"Cush will stretch
her hands to God"

Psalm 68:31
The Biblical region of Cush includes modern
Ethiopia, Sudan, and all of the Horn of Africa

The Horn of Africa, aptly named for it's resemplance to a rhinoceros horn, includes the countries of Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti and Eritrea. The Horn has closer cultural ties with Arabia, across the Red Sea, than with it's neighbors in eastern Africa.

The plow has long been an important aid to cultivation in the Horn, and the one-humped Arabian camel -- the dromedary -- is an ancient domestic animal there. Most of the people of the Horn have facial features similar to Mediterranean Europeans, but with darker complexions while those of Sudan and East Africa are Black African.

The history of the Horn of Africa has largely been dominated by Ethiopia, which has almost 60% of the population of the entire region. Ethiopia's history has been characterized by struggles between Muslim and other herdsmen and the largely Christian farmers for resources and living space. The population of Ethiopia, more than 57 million in 1999, is expected to overtake thta of Egypt and, by 2050, may even supplant Nigeria as the most populous country on the continent of Africa. The Christians in Ethiopia speak mostly Semitic languages and the Muslims Cushitic tongues. Although these languages were derived from the same Afro-Asiatic stock, the more apparent differences between the peoples often were excuses for war. By the end of the 20th century, the battles were waged under the banners of nationalism and Marxism-Leninism.

Sudan poses a significant threat to the stability of the region, with profound security ramifications for all of north-eastern Africa as well as Uganda and Congo in central Africa. Ongoing persecution, war and hunger make Sudan the country facing the greatest calamity in the world today. Sudanese Christians are living our their faith and the churches are growing in the face of intense and often violent persecution.

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